Kawasaki disease affects the skin, mouth, nose, throat, lymph nodes, and linings of the blood vessels. The disease is named, as it was identified for the first time by Dr. Tomisaku Kawasaki of Japan, in 1967. It is also referred to as Kawasaki syndrome or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. Though, it can affect older children and teenagers, it is estimated that 80 percent of the affected children are below 5 years. It occurs mostly among boys than girls.
The causes of this disease are still unknown; however, possible causes may be due to genetic and environmental factors. It is believed that viral infections and immune system also play a major role in the development of this disease. Some scientific studies have claimed that it is caused after exposure to chemicals and allergies. However, till date there is no proof as to how it is developed. It is found to be non-contagious.